"Nihosdaząąn Diné bizaad t’ei beesi’ąh jini"
Shizhe’e akoh jiní́í łeh nit’ee’, adoo Hataałi do’ akodaaniiłah t’a ałk’ididąą’, akoh dii "Baashos" Baask’ǫs", nihik’ei shįį adaat’e, nihidił bił ałhideeti’łah, dii daats’i ałk’idąą’ taaos deeł ha’nínééh adaat’į?, Táłkaagooh taaos deeł jini,
"Nihosdząąn aná’í t’ei beesi’ąh jini"
Dii do’ t’a’ aanįįłah, akǫǫh da’ahijoh baah nihosdzaan bikaagooh, yaadilah oołyé shibizhi,
Basques the Sheep Herders
Coffee @ friend, nice dawn, cool, smelling toast haha, Basques and us Diné, have a good cold day folks
IS DINÉ BIZAAD A INDO-EUROPEAN LANGUAGE?
"So where did Basque come from? A common assumption is that Basque is the autochthonous speech of the Iberian peninsula, perhaps related to the pre-Latin dialects extant to the south and east of the peninsula (the Romans arrived on the scene at a time when Spain was also partially dominated by Celtic tribes). Many go further and assert that the Basques are the pure descendants of the first modern humans to arrive on the European continent, heirs of the Cro-Magnons. Even if this claim is a bit much, many would cede that the Basque populations derive from the hunter-gatherers who were extant on the continent when the Neolithic farmers arrived from the Middle East, and Indo-European speakers pushed in from the east.
RHneg.pngIn terms of historical genetics these assumptions result in the Basque population be used as a “reference” for the indigenous component of the European ancestry which reaches back to the Last Glacial Maximum, and expanded from the Iberian refugium after the ice retreated. One of reasons for the assumption of Basque antiquity & purity are genetic peculiarities of the Basques. Foremost among them is that the Basque seem to have the highest frequency of Rh- in the world, primarily because of the high frequency of the null allele within the population (it is a recessively expressed trait). Rh- is very rare outside of Europe, but its frequency exhibits a west-east gradient even within the continent. It has been suggested that the mixing of Rh- and Rh+ blood groups reflects the mixing of hunter-gatherers and farmers in after the Ice Age. The map above the illustrates the frequencies of this trait, and you can see how the Basque region is cordoned off. It’s an old map because blood group were widely collected in the early 20th century. Because of the early knowledge of this heritable trait you have a lot of weird anthropological theories which hinge around blood group genetics having emerged in the early 20th century. But even as late as the mid-90s L. L. Cavalli-Sforza reported in The History and Geography of Human Genes using classical markers that the Basques exhibited some distinctiveness. Over the years with the rise of Y and mtDNA phylogenetics this distinctiveness has taken a hit. I think the data have a tendency of confirming expectations, or it is often interpreted as such. But the recent story of the R1b haplogroup strongly implied that the Basques are no different from other west Europeans, and are likely the descendants of Neolithic farmers themselves!
A new paper in Human Genetics supports the contention that the Basque are just like other Europeans, A genome-wide survey does not show the genetic distinctiveness of Basques:"Type your paragraph here.
"Navajo History" of the ancient past, it is known to the Navajo Traditionalist, Hataałi Bilaghaanaah are descendent from the Diné and they are called "Taos kah" K'os k'os ii'h they are Cloud people too or Caucasian and we are the same people, they took off with all our knowledge is also known history, below is sharing information on some studies being done by various people around the world, Caucasian is also known as Biłda'ahijighaaniih "one you fight with"
"Classifications similar to Dené–Caucasian were put forward in the 20th century by Alfredo Trombetti, Edward Sapir, Robert Bleichsteiner, Karl Bouda, E. J. Furnée, René Lafon, Robert Shafer, Olivier Guy Tailleur, Morris Swadesh, Vladimir N. Toporov, and other scholars.
Morris Swadesh included all of the members of Dené–Caucasian in a family that he called "Basque-Dennean" (when writing in English, 2006/1971: 223) or "vascodene" (when writing in Spanish, 1959: 114). It was named for Basque and Navajo, the languages at its geographic extremes. According to Swadesh (1959: 114), it included "Vasconic, the Caucasian languages, Ural-Altaic, Dravidian, Tibeto-Burman, Chinese, Austronesian, Japanese, Chukchi (Siberia), Eskimo-Aleut, Wakash, and Na-Dene", and possibly "Sumerian". Swadesh's Basque-Dennean thus differed from Dené-Caucasian in including (1) Uralic, Altaic, Japanese, Chukotian, and Eskimo-Aleut (languages which are classed as Eurasiatic by the followers of Sergei Starostin and those of Joseph Greenberg), (2) Dravidian, which is classed as Nostratic by Starostin's school, and (3) Austronesian (which according to Starostin is indeed related to Dené-Caucasian, but only at the next stage up, which he termed Dené-Daic, and only via Austric (see Borean languages)). Swadesh's colleague Mary Haas attributes the origin of the Basque-Dennean hypothesis to Edward Sapir.
In the 1980s, Sergei Starostin, using strict linguistic methods (proposing regular phonological correspondences, reconstructions, glottochronology, etc.), became the first to put the idea that the Caucasian, Yeniseian and Sino-Tibetan languages are related on firmer ground. In 1991, Sergei L. Nikolayev added the Na-Dené languages to Starostin's classification.
The inclusion of the Na-Dené languages has been somewhat complicated by the ongoing dispute over whether Haida belongs to the family. The proponents of the Dené–Caucasian hypothesis incline towards supporters of Haida's membership in Na-Dené, such as Heinz-Jürgen Pinnow or, most recently, John Enrico. Edward J. Vajda, who otherwise rejects the Dené–Caucasian hypothesis, has suggested that Tlingit, Eyak, and the Athabaskan languages are closely related to the Yeniseian languages, but he denies any genetic relationship of the former three to Haida. Vajda's ideas on the relationship of Athabaskan–Eyak–Tlingit and Yeniseian have found support independently in works of various authors, including Heinrich K. Werner or Merritt Ruhlen. DNA analyses have not shown any special connection between the modern Ket population and the modern speakers of the Na-Dené languages.
In 1996, John D. Bengtson added the Vasconic languages (including Basque, its extinct relative or ancestor Aquitanian, and possibly Iberian), and in 1997 he proposed the inclusion of Burushaski. The same year, in his article for Mother Tongue, Bengtson concluded that Sumerian might have been a remnant of a distinct subgroup of the Dené–Caucasian languages. However, two other papers on the genetic affinity of Sumerian appeared in the same volume: while Allan R. Bomhard considered Sumerian to be a sister of Nostratic, Igor M. Diakonoff compared it to the Munda languages.
In 1998, Vitaly V. Shevoroshkin rejected the Amerind affinity of the Almosan (Algonquian-Wakashan) languages, suggesting instead that they had a relationship with Dené–Caucasian. Several years later, he offered a number of lexical and phonological correspondences between the North Caucasian, Salishan, and Wakashan languages, concluding that Salishan and Wakashan may represent a distinct branch of North Caucasian and that their separation from it must postdate the dissolution of the Northeast Caucasian unity (Avar-Andi-Tsezian), which took place around the 2nd or 3rd millennium BC."
Please Take Notice
I received this email in Feb. 2, 2006
In your research of the blue people you may want to adjust what I have written to the corrections stated below.
Dear Mary Sutherland,
I have now looked again at the the web page. It is: /bluepeople.html
Evidently I should have checked this before emailing you, since you do not make any direct claims about RH negative blood. That is on your first page about the tribe of Dann, so I have confused two pages. My apologies.
Nor do you state that the Tuareg (as their is sometimes spelled - I used the French spelling) hold ceremonies in caves. Instead you relate stories about blue people in north America being reported by the native Americans as living underground.
However, the quotation that you rely on refers initially to the Berbers, and then the rest of the paragraph refers to the Tuareg. These are not usually seen as the same people. The Berbers live mainly in the Atlas mountains in Algeria, whereas the nomadic Tuareg live in Mali, Mauritania and Chad, among other countries. They do have cultural connections with Libya, and in a recent speech Col. Ghadaffi has played on that to try and stir things up in some other north African countries.
The Tuareg are indeed fiercely independent. The picture on your page shows an old woman with a blue skin. I cannot check back with my friend, who is currently moving house before departing on a research trip to Libya, but the only pictures that I have seen of Tuareg, including on BBC TV, show black Africans. I know of no claims that they are blue skinned.
You may wish to put some of this email on that web page
all my info on the region comes from Edgar Cayce and historical texts. I may be in Ashland soon, so I may be able to do some research on the area a little better. You might want to see what sort of melungeon stories might date back to the era. The blue people are a common story to the Appalachians. I do have a thought for you, or thoughts.
Edgar Cayce predicted that when the last throes of Atlantis finally sank into the sea, its people were spreading to colonies across the world, one group in the Yucatan, some to what we call Morocco, another to the Pyrenees, and more even to what we today call the Carolinas region of North America.
.Now we know through DNA testing that the NON-indo-european Basques of the Pyrenees, the Berbers of Morrocco, and the Mayans of the Yucatan are almost a perfect match in DNA testing. What if these Blue people, or even the Melungeons of eastern Kentucky (who by the way, migrated from the Carolinas in their own lore) could be the lost piece of this Atlantean Colonial system.
.There is more evidence to this argument but I don't want to waste your time. I will say on an ending note however, how interesting it is that all these groups are or were living in the mountainous regions of the world. It's almost as though they were trying to get away from water or something. Thank you for you time, not many people like to listen to me.
P.S. Can I get James Scott's e-mail so as to contact him, and maybe even see this site. And if my Carolina's theory interests you, how do you think that it might fit in with the Roanoke Island Colony disappearance
The iikaah with bits'iis łigai doo dootł'izh and łitsoh doo łizhin and also in the beginning there the same colored people that are in this sand painted, biniłch'i at'e t'aasadii at'e