Recuary ancient cultural image of South America and in the  background is Baja, Caifornia coastal Rock Art and inset is a Navajo Ye'iih on lower right


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8 Holy Ye'iih Dinée

Black on Red

Black on red effigy vase pottery is more ancient in various respect, Cosmos is blood darkness is a Male the Creator that we are created from the center of cardinal directions out of the darkness, male on RED a female surface RED Earth, red is blood life of earth, therefore black on red is one of the expression of duality of male and female system, male on female earth surface


The designs on the pottery is individual choice, symbolism is individual creativity, an applications of 'a way of knowing' to utensil so the Navajo way generation may not forget, in terms of colors language expression the Navajo culture don't die.

The color black is represent in ancient Caves, Canyon walls, in the ancient Caves the rock art images is usually animals, rounded butt red black bulls is a male painted higher on the wall and below the bull is a cow with square like butt in red ocher paint red, below and about feet behind the rear of black bull.., the symbols, colors are language in / among Navajos today.

Nihokaa’ Diyįn Diné

Sleepy Rock Therapeutics - Massage

Tsenahabiłniih Clan

Saad of the Diné

Asaa' / pottery

Pottery came into Navajo life before and continue after 'pre-ceramic cotton, or in more recent time. The colors red/black is old, then came white/black after black on red colors according to the Navajo Traditionalists, Ceramists, sand painters, Story Tellers, old retired Navajo Leaders usually have black on white rug blanket the stripes are horizontal if vertical he is still an active Leaders

Gray is in essence a Navajo way of knowing as a NEW beginning like the gray ashes remains after fire burnt out, the more recent gray brown shining pottery period is the Dinetah prime, a major pottery were gray to brownish a sign of a "New" beginning after surviving the drought at Dinêtah and/or maybe when we returned from the west or from the NORTH is more likely as the story tell its because of drought that we went North because 900 -  1200 - 1300 that is about 700 plus years ago 

According to the Navajo tradition pottery was invented by children that were playing by/below the earth dam, children returned with the pottery in the evening and showed to their family

The Navajo pottery also has an opening on the pottery rim, just like the Rugs, Ts'aa', an opening to prevent closing in your creative mind, your powerful thought, everything has an opening, there is an opening to the next world through the chimney of the cosmic dome hogan 

Black on White
Again the black / blood darkness color is a Male and White shell life, a white is moon/earth is a female, it's a male on female an expression by colors and designs on the pottery is individual's discretion, the color language is that black is a male and female white shell earth/moon Yoołgai asdzaah Yadiłhił hastiin bikaa' dęę' yaagoh bik'i dasit'

The color Gray is a 'NEW' beginning, most recent potteries is gray, gray is most evident in the greater Dinétah americas, pottery were found destroyed which also suggested that a minor and major warfare took place within Americas the Dinétah during the Navajo re-settlement to the Dinétah areas as ceremonial story and according to Western Scientists dated circa 1200 - 1400 AD that suggest historically Navajos are newcomers, but Navajos in Americas is more than 60,000 kya with respect safely to say some controversial evidences being present in scientific community regarding ancient man in Americas,

The grayish color in the morning dawn is a new beginning, new day, gray color in the Navajo aesthetic rugs, Gray ashes that remains after the fire burnt is a sign of new sacred beginning, and the Ye'iih tsoh łibahí is a (Gray Giants) is a new beginning that we descendant from now that we are normal human Ye’iih,

Human Body
In the Nidaa' (Warrior way summer ceremony, at the end on the 7th morning usually Sunday morning, the woman is painted red with red ocher under a square shack built for Nidaa' purposes,

And the man patient is inside the cone shaped pyramid male hoghan and he is painted black, the man patient is usually the Naayee' neis ghąni (Monster Slayer / Older Twin, but who was the wife of Naayee' neis ghani that is painted red? In Navajo who is  "Neesht'eezh"? In the beginning when first initiated the Nidaa’ who was Neesht’eezh?

The ceremony has red, black colors component, and symbols of circle, square and cone pyramid used in the ceremony, and the symbolic of the Bow with Tsiiyeeł Queue hair bun

Biił / Rug Dress
The Biił is a woven Rug dress is black on red and/or red on black, the opening is on the left corner shoulder because when turning clockwise is opening in clockwise direction,

'Were Cro magnon man a mixture of red/black race? mix black/red colors might turn gray or new born in between black/red color call it łiba in Navajo language, a more recent humans 250,000 -+ out of Africa, using colors to decipher/date human origin, interesting view is that 'non-African origin are part Neanderthal' meaning that humans were on earth before 'Cro-Magnon,

In modern time, the Spanish arrived in the Southwest, the Navajos interbreed with the Naakaaii (Espanol), the children of the Navajo/Spanish were called the 'Naakaaiił báhi, the "Gray Spanish" / the "Gray Mexican" (?), a "New Genes" introduced into Navajo the blood.

Many of the Navajo rugs woven during the post Fort Sumner era were / are woven in woven in balanced gray color, again the color is employed to express a new Navajo people beginning after incarceration,

And during the period 1840's - 1865, some rugs were woven almost all in red color, a bloody period of the Navajo history, rugs are history, pictorial rugs is a tunnel vision,