Diné Ałtaas éi

Eesk'aas an ancient relatives, dii hajiinái dish jįįdi hane’ naałkaah higii bik’egoh éi dii dił "M" gii ałk’idąą’ 13,000 naahei dąą’ daats’i hasłįi’ sha’shin, jo aadoo woshdęę’ éi yah "N" ałnįį’ doo ałts’a hooł ah nahalin, akoh táá’ ts’aah dahigii at’e 13, akoh 13,000 ts’i Diné ninaahodi dees łįi’? T’ooh ahayoodi hajiina biniinaaniiholǫǫh

"Native American populations. The data suggest that Canadian Eskimoan- and Athapaskan-speaking populations are genetically distinct from one another and that the formation of these groups was the result of two population expansions that occurred after the initial movement of people into the Americas. In addition, the population history of Athapaskan speakers is complex, with the Tłįchǫ being distinct from other Athapaskan groups. The high-resolution biallelic data also make clear that Y-chromosomal diversity among the first Native Americans was greater than previously recognized."


Bit’ahnii this group of migrant to become Bit’ahnii Clan they established their dwelling place beneath the Mountains, canyons so Bitat’ah describes them further, Bitat’adi, bitat’adęę’ from beneath area (because of verb stem dominate the word Mountain is omitted being from beneath the Mountain is preunderstood "noun")

Táchii’nii recently originally known Anaasazi (They are the surviving Ancestors of the Anaasazi) that came out of Grand canyon after the drought 1300 AD and brutal warfare around 1100 - 1200 AD known as people from the Red Running Into the Water People Clan that could be a NEW clan name because of the land description at the bottom of Grand canyon where some area has slanted reddish earth toward the river water

Nát’oh dine’é Tobacco People Clan

Halgai dine’é (Adopted clan) People of the Valley Clan

Yé’ii dine’é are the descendant of the Ye’iitsoh (Giant) People of the ancient Clan

BĮĮ dine’é Táchii’nii The Deer People of the Red Running Into the Water Clan

Shash dine’é (Adopted clan) The Bear People Clan

Naadąą ’ dine’é (Adopted clan) The Corn People Clan

Gah dine’é Táchii’nii The Rabbit People of the Red Running Into the Water Clan

Tó áhani do’ t’aah Diné at’e ei Tł’iishtsoh biłįį’ ba’ałyaah jini, joh Tł’iishtsoh éi Niłch’i yeenaagha, doo Tó biyi’ naagha naana Kǫ̨’ do’ at’e Jį́honaa’éi biniłch’i doo bikǫ’ at’e jiní


Navajos and other cultures of the world wears TSIIYEEŁ, in the songs its called HASTOI TSIIYEEŁ and also TSIIYEEŁ NITEEŁ

Mexican Women’s Mitochondrial DNA Primarily Native American, Mitatwe’eptes (aka Amy Tilden), Nez Percecirca 1910

In the paper, “Large scale mitochondrial sequencing in Mexican Americans suggests a reappraisal of Native American origins,” Kumar et al provide a piece of information I find extremely interesting.

“For mtDNA variation, some studies have measured Native American, European and African contributions to Mexican and Mexican American populations, revealing 85 to 90% of mtDNA lineages are of Native American origin, with the remainder having European (5-7%) or African ancestry (3-5%). Thus the observed frequency of Native American mtDNA in Mexican/Mexican Americans is higher than was expected on the basis of autosomal estimates of Native American admixture for these populations i.e. ~ 30-46%. The difference is indicative of directional mating involving preferentially immigrant men and Native American women. This type of genetic asymmetry has been observed in other populations, including Brazilian individuals of African ancestry, as the analysis of sex specific and autosomal markers has revealed evidence for substantial European admixture that was mediated mostly through men. In our 384 completely sequenced Mexican American mitochondrial genomes, 12 (3.1%) are of African ancestry belonging to haplogroups L0a1a’3’, L2a1, L3b, L3d and U6a7; 52 (13.6%) belong to European haplogroups HV, JT, U1, U4, U5; and K and the majority (320, 83.3%) are of Native American ancestry.”

“So where do our non-European, non-Indian-appearing elements come from?” he asked. “The level of haplogroup T in the Cherokee (26.9 percent) approximates the percentage for Egypt (25 percent), one of the only lands where T attains a major position among the various mitochondrial lineages.”

Nihidił baa' ahołyah
Native American Gene Flow – Europe?, Asia and the Americas
Some Native Americans Had Oceanic Ancestors
Home page