Cave Art

The discovery of 40,000-year-old cave paintings at opposite ends of the globe suggests that the ability to create representational art had its origins further back in time in Africa, before modern humans spread across the rest of the world.

"That's kind of my gut feeling," says Prof Stringer. "The basis for this art was there 60,000 years ago; it may even have been there in Africa before 60,000 years ago and it spread with modern humans". 

Dr Adam Brumm, who is the co-leader of the Sulawesi research, believes many well-known sites in Asia, and as far away as Australia, contain art that is extremely old but which has not yet been accurately dated. 

"If Sulawesi is anything to go by, where cave art was first recorded over half a century ago but was assumed to be young, a crucial part of the human story could be right under our noses" he said.

Dr Muhammad Ramli, an archaeologist working with the Makassar branch of Indonesia's Preservation for Heritage Office, said that the Sulawesian paintings in Maros were being eroded by the pollution coming from an upsurge in local industrial activities.

"In the beginning of the 1980s, there were a lot of cave paintings on this site in the form of hand stencils, as you can see right now. Presently, a lot has been damaged. 

"There is a strong necessity to conduct conservation studies in order to find the best way of preserving these sites so that the paintings may last," he told BBC News.


Diné mean a species that moves horizontally that is NAAH naah is a female word, Mobility moves around as like naané and naané is also playing as well as subject to die or ends life at certain ages as Niné, daniné

The Diné are contemporially known as the Navajos are ancient indigenous to Americas as we discover our truth ancient past in Americas through research, exploring, attending ceremonies and also to includes in our studies the rest of the world where we left our footprints could be Altaic, Gobi desert, northern Russia, China, Arctic and other images are familiar to our Navajo symbols, in the old days the old world the Navajo say Nihosdząąn Sąh at’e są jini

Sometimes in the past we were labeled with a New Name "Navajos" and we were described as NEWCOMERS to Americas, there is a reasons we were Newcomers to Southwest because we were the most populated people in Americas when Spanish and Western European invaded the indigenous people of the Americas and rerooted us with their conspiracy as NEWcomers

Diné Bikeyah

I am a member of Kinłichii'niih clan, CLAN is a smallest unit of DNA, it is interesting to trace your ancestors and know where you came from, where you been and where you are going, this identity is an inner strength the power of you as individuals

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Tódik’ǫzhi ei t’aah Shash Diné at’e the second original Bear clan of the Diné is Shashtsoh Diné’e, Diné aní Shash éi IINI’ at’e Bear are lightening Thunder, lives in the water, start a Fire in the Mountain or in the Water, this Bear identify with the Tódik’ǫzh of the West, the Salt Water people of the Pacific Ocean

Our northern relatives identifies with animals in their lives anciently so its their culture, their names, their ceremonies, so in that respect they have names like Goodbear, Yellowthunder, Laughing Bear, White lightening, as well as the birds the includes such as bald Eagle, Walking Bear, toward the arctic zones

"The Hohokam were farmers. They built irrigation canals, running off the Salt and Gila River, and in the case of Casa Grande, past Grewe, a type of twin site, a mile east of Casa Grande. Interestingly, until a few centuries ago, the Gila was apparently able to accommodate ships. In their irrigated field, the Hohokam grew corn, beans, squash, cotton and tobacco. Corn, of course, had been cultivated in Mexico in prehistoric times and provides further evidence of the ancient links that exist between the region and Mexico."


Located on the Dził yijįįn where the Navajos have lived prior to the major drought in the Southwest around 900 to 1200, within this there was a 100 years drought, when drought some ceremonial knowledge carriers moved to Bitat’a kin to make water  out of oxygen as well as in Mesa Verde according to Traditionalists Story tellers, there is a path to aquifer some where beneath the Dził yijįįn or dził yijin

Last part of the drought there was peace among and with the other people of the area that the rain had returned and from other area as far away as central America or lower basin Tucson area have came to the Navajos the people of the Shadi’aah biyaadęę’ Diné’e