Dził k’iji Hataałi

Dziłk’iji nashdoi nidaałzheeh t’aa akoh tse k’isineł łeh, nilei shadi’aah biyaadęę’ nideeł nisin łeh diyįn k’egoh daats’i hobeehozin łeh, ishniidaah shįį baani’ da’ ałdeeh k’ad, akooh doołeeł

All the FOUR colored RACE were present in Americas for ages, there are Black, White, Yellow and Blue Snakes, Winds, Clouds people, see them in the sand painted Art knowledge history of the Dine in colors

"New methodologies have provided anumber of important insights into the peopling of the New World.

Molecular genetic studies of the variation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in Siberian and Amerindian populations have allowed further inferences to be made about the timing of the colonizations, the number of migrations that reached the New World, and possible regions from which ancestral Native Americans might have originated.

What does the mtDNA genome tell us about the diversity of the original migrations into the Americas?

Many studies have now established that the vast majority of modern Native American haplotypes belong to merely four mtDNA lineages, the haplogroups designated A, B, C and D. When subjected to the methods of phylogenetic analysis, the RFLP haplotypes usually segregate into their respective haplogroups, revealing their integrity as genealogical units (Figure 3). Moreover, ancient Amerindian samples obtained from different locations in the New World reveal the same general pattern of mtDNA diversity. Sequencing studies of the HVS-I region also provide an independent confirmation of four primary mtDNA haplogroups in Native Americans. A comparison of Native Americans, Siberians and Asians reveals that the same mtDNA lineages in all groups share mutations in the control region that are specific to the haplogroups. The simplest explanation is that the control region mutations arose in Asia in the founding mtDNA lineages and were carried to the New World by the ancestral Native Americans. Most of the remaining variants in control region sequences of Native Americans appear to be unique (much like their RFLPs). his suggests that Native American and Asian groups diverged rapidly after the founding New World populations separated from their Asian parental populations.

The geographic and linguistic distribution of haplogroups A-to-D in the Americas also suggests that all four of them were present in the original migration(s). All four haplogroups are observed in populations throughout the Americas and are also found in the three proposed Native American linguistic groups (Amerind, Na-Dene, Eskaleut). However, the original Na-Dene Indians and Eskimo-Aleuts appear to have lacked haplogroup B."…/where-did-american-indians-com

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